Beginning of aromatherapy lies in one of the oldest methods of treatment. The flavor extracted from various herbs and plants brings body and mind in balance, which helps relieve a number of ailments – mental and physical. Essential oils are extracted from various flowers, fruit trees, herbs and resins. Pure oils are highly concentrated volatile substances. Some of them contain vitamins, minerals and natural antiseptics. They can be used to treat hundreds of diseases such as depression, stress, arthritis, back pain and muscle, headache, colds, skin irritations, asthma, insomnia, metabolic or digestive problems and others.
The earliest records of aromatherapy dates back to around 2890 BC. BC., When ancient Egyptians used aromatic ingredients for religious and medicinal purposes. The ancient Chinese used aromatic oils in acupuncture, massages, baths and inhalation.
The word aromatherapy was first used in 1920 by French chemist René-Maurice Gattefossé, who gives life to studies about the healing properties of essential oils after an accident in his perfume laboratory. During the conduct of experience, he burnt his hand and instinctively slips it into the nearest cold liquid, which turns out to be a court of NOx Ph232 or better known as lavender oil. French scientist suddenly felt enormous relief of pain and instead continued treatment, which had suffered in previous burns, redness and inflammation passed surprisingly quickly with minimal discomfort and almost no itching. This “mistake” marked the beginning of the first modern doctrine for aromatherapy. It proves that the aromatic oils penetrate easily into the skin and mix with extracellular fluid in the body, one of which is blood. The circulation of these bodily fluids carries oil to the various authorities. The study shows that even smelling the oils can stimulate the brain through the olfactory nerve system and significantly change our emotional and mental state.
During World War II aromatic oils are used to treat gangrene in injured soldiers.
The theory states that represents aromatherapy treatment or prevention of disease through the use of essential oils. For an explanation of the effects achieved are 2 main theories. One of them is the impact of fragrance over the brain and particularly the limbic system through the olfactory nerves. The other theory provides information on the direct pharmacological effects of essential oils. While aromaterapistite often claim the precise knowledge of the synergy between the body and aromatic oils, the efficacy of aromatherapy yet to be proven.
In the English-speaking world, practitioners tend to focus on the use of oils in massage. In the best cases, aromatherapy qualify as business auxiliary and at worst as a pseudoscientific fraud. The mainland and particularly in his homeland of aromatherapy France, this science is part of general medicine. Some essential oils there is only sold with a prescription. French doctors use a technique called aromatograma including sampling of diseased tissue or secretions of a patient. After preparation of the seeding material was partitioned into small containers and each test material was treated with a different oil to determine the most effective in preventing the development of microorganisms that cause suffering appropriate.
In many countries, essential oils are included in the national pharmacopoeia, but so far aromatherapy never been recognized as a valid branch of medicine in the United States, Russia, Germany and Japan.